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Disease control strategies for extending storage life of papaya (Carica papaya), cultivars 'Red Lady' and 'Rathna'

Authors:

K Abeywickrama ,

Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, University of Kelaniya, Kelaniya, LK
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C Wijerathna,

Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, University of Kelaniya, Kelaniya, LK
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N Rajapaksha,

Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, University of Kelaniya, Kelaniya, LK
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K Sarananda,

Food Research Unit, Gannoruwa, Peradeniya, LK
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Sushil Kannangara

Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, University of Kelaniya, Kelaniya, LK
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Abstract

Anthracnose (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides), stem-end rot (Lasiodiplodia theobromae) and Phomopsis rot (Phomopsis caricae-papayae) are major post-harvest diseases in papaya resulting in relatively high postharvest losses, up to 45%, in Sri Lanka. The current consumer preference is for tropical fruits free of synthetic pesticides. The objectives of the present investigation were to identify major post-harvest pathogens in papaya fruits, test in vitro fungitoxic effect of basil oil (Ocimum basillicum) and alum (sodium aluminium sulphate) on major fungal pathogens of papaya fruit and develop a relatively safe, disease control strategy. Alum (1% w/v) and basil oil (0.12– 0.16% v/v) in a liquid bioassay, indicated fungistatic and fungicidal efficacy on C. gloeosporioides, L. theobromae and P. caricae-papayae isolated from ‘Red Lady’ and ‘Rathna’ cultivars of papaya. In vivo investigation of fruits of both papaya cultivars harvested from fruit plantations in Sri Lanka (‘Red Lady’–Yatawarawatta plantation, Kurunegala, ‘Rathna’ – CIC plantation, Kekirawa and the Agricultural farm, Polonnaruwa) at 25% maturity level indicated that papaya washed in 1% (w/v) alum and subsequently sprayed with an emulsion solution of 0.16% (v/v) basil oil and enclosed in styrofoam sleeves could be stored for 14 days at 12–14 °C. The visual quality rating (VQR) was high (11–13), shriveling and ‘green islands’ were low on fruits with zero disease severity where results were statistically similar to 500 mg/L Bavistin treatment. Physicochemical properties assessed were unaffected by the treatments and were comparable to the controls washed only in water. The organoleptic properties were slightly low in fruits subjected to cold temperature compared to fruits subjected to ambient temperature. No residues of basil oil could be detected on fruit peel by gas chromatography at the end of the experimental period of 14 days. The treatment strategy developed could be adopted for sea shipment or temperature-regulated supermarket storage of papaya fruits where storage life could be lengthened up to 14 days.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/cjsbs.v41i1.4535

Ceylon Journal of Science (Bio. Sci.) 41 (1): 27-34, 2012

How to Cite: Abeywickrama, K. et al., (2012). Disease control strategies for extending storage life of papaya (Carica papaya), cultivars 'Red Lady' and 'Rathna'. Ceylon Journal of Science (Biological Sciences). 41(1), pp.27–34. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cjsbs.v41i1.4535
Published on 01 Aug 2012.
Peer Reviewed

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