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Research Articles

Development of Rapid Propagation Methods and a Miniature Plant for Export-oriented Foliage, Zamioculcas zamiifolia

Authors:

KACN Seneviratne ,

Department of National Botanic Gardens, Peradeniya, LK
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WAM Daundasekera,

Department of Botany, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, LK
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SA Kulasooriya,

Institute of Fundamental Studies, Hantana Road, Kandy, LK
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DSA Wijesundara

Department of National Botanic Gardens, Peradeniya, LK
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Abstract

Zamioculcas zamiifolia is an ornamental potted foliage plant and a relatively new introduction to the world of interior plants. However, its low growth rate in conventional solid media is a constraint in mass propagation. The present study aimed at developing improved culture techniques that would enhance the growth and rapid propagation of the plant. Three experiments were conducted to find out the best type of vegetative cuttings, the effect of light on plant growth in a liquid (distilled water) medium, and to develop a new solid medium with nutrients to increase the growth rate. Basal leaflets without rachis were found to be the best cutting type for rapid propagation. Solid substrate was better than liquid medium for rapid rooting. Compost + sand + 0.75 g l-1 fertilizer nutrients can be recommended for rapid propagation of the plant. Plant growth was high in the light-exposed liquid medium compared to dark treatment. Interestingly, the liquid medium led to development of a miniature plant which could be introduced as a novel table-top ornament. The results of the present study would contribute immensely to the export industry of Z. zamiifolia.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/cjsbs.v42i1.5899

Ceylon Journal of Science (Bio. Sci.) 42 (1): 55-62, 2013

How to Cite: Seneviratne, K. et al., (2013). Development of Rapid Propagation Methods and a Miniature Plant for Export-oriented Foliage, Zamioculcas zamiifolia. Ceylon Journal of Science (Biological Sciences). 42(1), pp.55–62. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cjsbs.v42i1.5899
Published on 29 Aug 2013.
Peer Reviewed

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